|In recent chapters
we have seen science come forward with tremendous strides. A new era is
obviously at hand.
But we shall misconceive the spirit of
the times if we fail to understand that in the midst of all this progress
there was still room for mediaeval superstition and for the pursuit of
Two forms of pseudo-science were peculiarly
prevalent - alchemy and astrology. Neither of these can with full propriety
be called a science, yet both were pursued by many of the greatest scientific
workers of the period.
Moreover, the studies of the alchemist
may with some propriety be said to have laid the foundation for the latter-day
science of chemistry; while astrology was closely allied to astronomy,
though its relations to that science are not as intimate as has sometimes